Natural hair care tips for men and women that no one told you about.
Did you know that there is a lot we can do to have a healthy hair if only we knew what to do? Regardless of whether you are a man or a woman, there are several facors to consider when it comes to taking care of our hair. With the different effect on what our body, the environment, culture or way of life have on how our hair looks, some people find it difficult to make their hair look good. But we can change that only if we have certain facts about haircare. That is what this article is going to address.
What is hair care?
- 1 What is hair care?
- 2 The scalp
- 3 Bacteria and the hair
- 4 The wetting action.
- 5 Types of hair conditioners
- 6 Hairstyling instruments
- 7 Perms and relaxers,
- 8 Hair safety
- 9 What is trichoptilosis?
- 10 Ailments affecting the scalp
- 11 Hair loss
- 12 Diet
Hair care is the cleanliness and beautification of hair that grows from the surface of the scalp, as well as, to a lesser degree, pubic, facial, and other hair growth on the body. Hair care practices vary accordingly, based on culture and the physical characteristics of the hair. Threading, waxing, and sugaring are all methods of hair removal that could be used to pluck, trim, color, shave, or otherwise remove hair. Hair care services are provided in salons, barbershops, and day spas, as well as commercially available products for home use. Laser hair removal and electrolysis are also available in the United States, but only by licensed professionals in medical offices or speciality spas.
Despite the fact that scalp care and hair care appear to be separate issues, they are intimately related since hair grows from under the skin’s surface. The hair root and sebaceous gland all reside under the skin, despite the fact that the actual hair shaft (the cuticle that protects the cortex and medulla) does not have any living processes. While no biological mechanism can repair obvious hair shaft damage or any aiterations, there are several ways to preserve hair and keep the cuticle intact.
To maintain a healthy body and sufficient hair production, the scalp skin, like the rest of the body’s skin, must be kept healthy. If the scalp is cleansed on a regular basis, it is possible for individuals with coarse hair or a hair-fall problem to lose hair. Bacterial infections, on the other hand, are not the exclusive source of scalp disorders. Certain illnesses emerge out of nowhere, and only the symptoms can be handled in order to bring the sickness under control (example: dandruff).
Bacteria and the hair
Bacteria may also wreak havoc on the hair. Head lice is the most common hair and scalp issue on the planet. Head lice are treatable with extreme caution, and studies suggest that they are not necessarily associated with inadequate hygiene. Head lice thrive in clean hair, according to recent studies. The term “hair washing” may be misleading in this sense, as what is normally necessary for healthy hair production and maintenance is just cleaning the surface of the scalp skin, much like the skin on the rest of the body requires cleaning for optimal hygiene.
Sebaceous glands in the skin produce sebum, which is mostly composed of fatty acids. Sebum provides protection for the hair and skin by stopping germs from growing on the surface. Sebum contributes to the skin’s naturally slightly acidic pH, which fluctuates between 5 and 6.8 on the pH scale.
As it naturally goes down the hair shaft, the oily substance hydrates and lusterizes the hair while also functioning as a protective barrier, preventing it from drying out or absorbing excessive quantities of external contaminants. Brushing & combing also help spread sebum throughout the hair shaft “mechanically.” When the hair has an abnormal amount of sebum, the roots may become greasy, darker, and oily than usual, and the hair may stick together.
When the hair and scalp are cleaned, excess sweat and oil, as well as other unwanted substances, are eliminated. Shampoo, a specialized surfactant, is usually used in conjunction with a shower or bath to wash hair. Shampoos work by soaking the hair in shampoo and water. The shampoo breaks the surface tension of the water, allowing the hair to soak.
The wetting action.
This is referred to as the wetting action. The shampoo molecule’s head draws water to the hair shaft, which results in the wetting action. On the other hand, the shampoo molecule’s tail is attracted to the grease, dirt, and oil on the hair shaft. Shampooing emulsifies oil and dirt, which is then rinsed away with water. This is referred to as the emulsifying action. Shampoos without sulfates are less detrimental to color-treated hair than shampoos with sulfates. Sulfates deplete both natural oils and hair dye. Sulfates also contribute to the foaming effect of shampoo.
Shampoos have a pH of between 4 and 6. The most common type of shampoo is acidic, and it maintains or improves the condition of the hair by not swelling the hair shaft or depleting the natural oils.
Types of hair conditioners
Following shampooing, conditioners are typically used to smooth out the hair’s cuticles, which can become roughened during the washing period. Conditioners can be categorized into three major types: anti-oxidant conditioners, internal conditioner and external conditioners. anti-oxidant conditioners penetrate the cells of the hair and drastically improve the hair’s condition internally (also known as treatments); and everyday conditioners, or external conditioners, smoothen the cuticle to make the hair combable, smooth, and shiny. Conditioners could also help preserve hair from environmental and physical damage by providing a physical barrier.
Among the hairstyling instruments that help in the production of hairstyles are the following:
There are many different kinds of hairstyling instruments that help in the production of a hairstyle. Hairstyling instruments can be used to both lay down and lift hair, as well as to twist, curl, wave and straighten hair. They also provide an extension to the stylist’s hands, allowing the stylists to work faster with greater control.
A hairstyling instrument is an implement that is used to style hair and shave facial or body hair. In common usage, it refers only to hand-held devices, but professional use includes salon equipment mounted on a wall or stand. Combs are instruments used to remove tangles and knots from hair. They come in many shapes, sizes and designs.
Most commonly, combs have a handle attached at right angles to a row of thick teeth. The teeth are commonly perpendicular to the handle, though some combs (often for more delicate work) have teeth parallel to the handle. Wide-tooth combs are used for long hair; thin, fine-tooth combs are used for short hair. Fine-toothed combs are also used to distribute wax or other pomade, or to create a part in the middle or sides of the head.
The hairstyling instruments include the following: pressing combs, rattail combs, round brushes, hair combs, hair clips, curling irons, hair rollers, curling tongs, and hot rollers.
The pressing comb is used by hairdressers to create a particular hairstyle, while the rattail comb is used to set the hair in place after a haircut.
When a woman has shorter hair, the hairstyle that is produced with the use of these combs is known as a bob. The round brush can be used to make curls in short hair or to straighten longer hair. Hair combs are made of different materials. Hair clips can be used to hold longer or thicker hair in place. The curling iron can help create curls in a person’s hair. The hot roller maintains the hairstyle that a person has created with curling irons.
To produce and maintain hairstyles, the following cosmetics are used:
To relax the hair, to make it more manageable and to give volume, the cosmetic uses for this purpose are foams and mousses. To smooth the hair and to keep fresh, the cosmetic uses for this purpose are gels (creamy or liquid).
If needed, to give shine or volume in general, the cosmetic uses for this purpose are shampoos, conditioners and special treatments.
To care for the hair, the cosmetic uses for this purpose are masks (with clay or with vitamin complexes) and hair lotions (emulsions of water, fat and other substances).
Chemical alterations to the hair, such as perming and coloring, can be used to alter its color and texture. All of these adjustments are transient in nature due to the impossibility of permanent alterations at the moment.
Chemically changed hair affects just the hair above the scalp; natural hair will regrow in its normal color and texture unless the hair roots are impacted.
Hair coloring is the process of adding or removing pigment from the hair shaft. Hair coloring treatments are classified as coloring or bleaching depending on whether pigment is added or removed.
Temporary hair tints are pigments applied to the hair shaft and then rinsed away.
The majority of permanent color changes require opening the hair’s cuticle in order for the color change to occur within the cuticle. The cuticle, or internal structure of the hair, can be harmed by this treatment, which uses chemicals to modify the hair’s structure, leaving it dry, weak, and prone to breakage.
After hair processing, the cuticle may not completely close, resulting in coarse hair or quick color loss. The lighter the shade of one’s natural hair, the more damaged it is likely to be. Alternatively to chemical dyes, you may color your hair using botanicals such as henna and indigo or with ammonia-free treatments.
Perms and relaxers,
Perms and relaxers, as well as heat reconditioning, modify the internal structure of the hair chemically to alter its curliness or straightness. Chemically changed hair is weaker as a result of the chemicals employed and should be treated more gently and with greater care than natural hair.
Hair must be contained in numerous sections to avoid causing injury to workers. This group includes those who work in construction, utilities, and various machine shops. Additionally, certain occupations, such as the food industry, need hair confinement for public health reasons.
Other hobbies may need similar limits for safety reasons, such as keeping hair out of one’s eyes and reducing one’s field of vision, as well as avoiding becoming stuck in sports equipment, trees and shrubs, or matted hair in inclement weather or water. For safety concerns, longer tresses are typically not permitted to fly free on the backs of motorcycles and open-top sports vehicles.
Both babies and the elderly have decreased sebaceous gland activity on their scalps as a result of hormonal imbalances. The sebaceous gland generates sebum, a waxy ester that helps keep the skin flexible and moist by preserving the scalp’s acid layer. Sebum accumulates on a daily basis, approximately every 2-3 days in the average adult. Sensitive skin types may need to wait longer.
On a daily basis, teenagers’ hair is washed. Sebum also serves as a protective coating for hair strands. Because the skin perceives that the scalp skin is dehydrated, daily washing removes the sebum and results in an increase in sebum production. This may not be the case, however, in the case of scalp illnesses. Regular cleaning is typically not necessary in babies and the elderly, as sebaceous gland production is not at its peak.
What is trichoptilosis?
Split ends, alternatively referred to as trichoptilosis, develop when the protective cuticle at the ends of hair strands is torn away.
It is a condition in which the hair shaft becomes entangled in the surrounding dermal tissue. It is most commonly seen around the eyes (trichotillomania) and eyebrows, but can occur anywhere on the body.
It is also referred to as “trichophagia”, which loosely means “to eat hair”, or “trichotemnomania”.
In this circumstance, the hair fibers are divided lengthwise. Split ends can be caused by any chemical or physical stress on the hair, such as heat. Hair fibers that have been damaged typically separate into two or three strands, each of which may be two to three centimeters in length. Split ends are more prevalent in long hair, but they can occur in short hair that is in poor condition as well.
The scalp’s natural protective oils may not reach the hair’s ends as it grows. When hair ends reach around 10 cm in length, they are considered old because they have been exposed to the sun for an extended period of time, have been shampooed frequently, and may have been overheated by hair dryers and hot irons. As a result of all of this, brittle, dry ends that are prone to splitting develop. Infrequent trims and a lack of moisturizing treatments might worsen this condition.
Chemicals, prolonged or recurrent heat exposure (as with the use of heat styling products), perming, and straightening all have the potential to cause damage to hair. Oil is detrimental to coarse hair and a dry scalp since it depletes the hair’s nutrition, resulting in split ends and hair loss.
When hair begins to act abnormally or a scalp skin illness develops, it is critical to consult with a competent physician as well as a dermatologist or trichologist. Alopecia, hair pulling/picking, hair that stands straight out, black specks in the hair, and chemical-induced rashes or burns are just a few of the disorders that require expert care.
Gel imparts a beautiful luster to the hair, but it also dries it out and makes it coarse.
Ailments affecting the scalp
Numerous ailments affect the scalp, especially. The following are some of the indications and symptoms:
Any of these symptoms may indicate that you should get treatment from a dermatologist or trichologist.
Mites, lice, follicular disease, and fungal infestations can all damage the scalp skin. Components of chemical hair preparations, such as shampoo and conditioner components, may elicit allergic reactions. Dandruff (which is generally associated with excessive sebum production), psoriasis, eczema, and seborrheic dermatitis are all prevalent skin conditions.
An odor that persists for several weeks despite frequent hair washing may indicate a problem with the scalp skin.
Flakes are not always caused by dandruff. Some of them, for instance, may just be product buildup on the scalp skin. This might be because it is common practice to not cleanse the scalp skin before applying conditioner. This would cause the scalp skin to dry and flake off, creating the appearance of dandruff and maybe causing itching, but would have no adverse effect on the scalp’s health.
Hair loss may be caused by a number of different circumstances, the most common being hormonal abnormalities. Hair loss is commonly apparent as a result of hormonal swings. Male pattern baldness is not the only reason for hair loss in men; women, like men, can have baldness. Although there are solutions that specifically target this kind of hair loss, it often takes three months of consistent use to show results. Cessation may also imply that any gains have been lost.
Thyroid disease is one of the most underdiagnosed medical conditions, particularly in women. Hair loss in clumps is one of the symptoms that might indicate a thyroid issue. A thyroid blood test is becoming increasingly common in many gynecological examinations. Frequently, hair behavior is the first indicator of thyroid dysfunction.
The normal and natural shedding process is usually suspended during pregnancy and breastfeeding (around month three, as it takes time for the body to recognize and reset for the hormonal shifts the body undergoes) for the duration of the pregnancy, and may be extended longer if the mother breastfeeds (this includes pumping for breast milk).
When you discontinue using any of them, it typically takes two months for your hormones to return to normal, and hair loss may increase significantly for around 3-6 months before regaining its natural volume. Due to the rush of shifting hormones, hair seems thicker and shinier, especially during pregnancy and nursing. Hair color and texture are not unusual to change as well (e.g., straighter hair, curlier hair). These alterations can occur more frequently than people believe, despite the fact that they are rarely recorded.
Some people choose to totally shave their heads, while others may have experienced hair loss or made the decision to shave their heads as a result of an illness (such as cancer—note that not all types of cancer or cancer treatment result in hair loss).
Genetics and health both have an effect on hair health. Proper diet is necessary for hair health. Hair roots are found within the hair follicle, which is positioned beneath the scalp skin. The whole follicle and root are supplied with arteries, and blood distributes nutrients to the follicle and root. Any sort of health problem, including stress, trauma, various types of medicine, chronic medical illnesses or recurrent medical diseases, heavy metals in water and food, and smoking, can have an effect on the hair, its development, and appearance.
Consuming a balanced diet rich in protein, fruits, vegetables, fats, and carbohydrates is essential in general (several vitamins and minerals require fat in order to be delivered or absorbed by the body). Hair loss is frequently the first indicator of a problem.
A mild case of anemia may cause hair loss and shedding. Vitamin B, particularly biotin, is necessary for a variety of functions, including healthy hair. B5 (pantothenic acid) aids in the prevention of hair loss and graying by providing flexibility, strength, and gloss to the hair. B6 is found in cereals, egg yolks, and liver and aids in dandruff prevention. Vitamin B12 is found in fish, eggs, chicken, and milk and aids in hair growth prevention.
When the body is stressed, its functions rearrange. For example, important organs will be prioritized, leading in less healthy, oxygenated blood reaching the hair follicle, resulting in less healthy hair or a slower rate of development. While malnutrition is not always the cause of hair growth issues, it is a valuable sign throughout the diagnosing process.
Scalp hair grows at an average rate of around 1.25 centimeters per month, and shampoos and vitamins have not been shown to have a significant effect on this rate. Additionally, the pace of hair growth is regulated by which of the three stages of the hair development cycle that individual is in. Hair growth is influenced by heredity, gender, age, and hormones, and can be slowed down by nutritional deficiencies (such as anemxia, anorexia , and zinc deficiency) with hormonal shifts (i.e thyroid disease, menopause, polycystic ovaries,).
Fish sources include essential omega-3 fatty acids, protein, vitamin B12, and iron, which help prevent dandruff and discoloration of the hair. Dark green vegetables are high in vitamins A and C, which help in the production of sebum and function as natural hair conditioners.
Legumes are a good source of protein, iron, zinc, and biotin, all of which promote hair growth. By activating certain enzymes, biotin assists in the metabolism of carbon dioxide, protein, lipids, and carbohydrates. Biotin deficiency in the diet can result in brittle hair and hair loss. Individuals can avoid a biotin deficiency by consuming cereal-grain products, liver, egg yolk, soy flour, and yeast.
Nuts are an excellent source of selenium, which is necessary for maintaining a healthy scalp. Additionally, many nuts include alpha-linolenic acid and zinc, which help to condition hair and prevent hair loss due to zinc deficiency. Protein deficiency or low-quality protein can result in hair becoming brittle and thinning, resulting in color loss. Calcium, which is necessary for hair growth, is plentiful in dairy products. A balanced diet is critical for maintaining a healthy scalp and, consequently, good hair.
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